Theme 1: Self-Determination and Inherent Right of Self-Government
Indigenous peoples exercise and have full enjoyment of their rights to self-determination and self-government, including developing, maintaining and implementing their own institutions, laws, governing bodies, and political, economic and social structures related to Indigenous communities.
- Indigenous peoples are fully supported in their work of freely determining and implementing their systems and institutions of government, through their internal processes of nation-rebuilding.
- Indigenous governments are recognized and engaged with as governments with formalized and predictable relationships with the Province and exercising their jurisdictions and laws.
The Province recognizes that the work of nation-rebuilding is internal to Indigenous nations, to be conducted in accordance with Indigenous legal processes, rights, cultures, traditions and standards, and undertaken as part of expressing, building, strengthening and implementing an Indigenous nation’s freely chosen governance systems. To advance this, the Province will take the following actions in collaboration with Indigenous peoples from 2021 to 2026.
1.1 In partnership with the Government of Canada, establish a new institution designed and driven by First Nations to provide supports to First Nations in their work of nation- and governance- rebuilding and boundary resolution in accordance with First Nations laws, customs and traditions. (Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation)
1.2 Shift from short-term transactional arrangements to the co-development of long-term agreements that recognize and support reconciliation, self-determination, decision-making and economic independence. (Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation)
1.3 Utilize sections 6 and 7 of the Declaration Act to complete government-to-government agreements that recognize Indigenous self-government and self-determination. (Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation)
1.4 Co-develop with Indigenous peoples a new distinctions-based fiscal relationship and framework that supports the operation of Indigenous governments, whether through modern treaties, self- government agreements or advancing the right to self-government through other mechanisms. This work will include collaboration with the Government of Canada. (Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation)
1.5 Co-develop and implement new distinctions-based policy frameworks for resource revenue- sharing and other fiscal mechanisms with Indigenous peoples. (Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation)
1.6 Enhance treaty implementation infrastructure for effective and fully resourced implementation of responsibilities related to treaties across government. This will include a comprehensive approach to educating public servants about treaty rights and obligations. (Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation)
1.7 Demonstrate a new and more flexible funding model and partnership approach that supports First Nations to plan, design and deliver mental health and wellness services across a full continuum of care and to address the social determinants of health and wellness. (Ministry of Health, Ministry of Mental Health and Addictions)
1.8 Prioritize the implementation of the First Nations Justice Strategy, and the Métis Justice Strategy once it is finalized, to reduce the substantial overrepresentation of Indigenous peoples involved in and impacted by the justice system, affirm Indigenous self-determination and enable
the restoration of traditional justice systems and institutions. (Ministry of Attorney General, Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General)
1.9 Co-develop an approach to deliver on the BC Tripartite Education Agreement commitment: “The Ministry of Education and First Nations Education Steering Committee co-develop legislation that requires local education agreements (LEAs) with First Nations where a First Nation wants one, and that require the application of the Provincial LEA at the request of a First Nation.” (Ministry of Education)
1.10 Recognize the integral role of Indigenous-controlled post-secondary institutions in the province through the development of legislation and provision of core funding. (Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Training)
1.11 Strengthen culturally appropriate post-secondary educational opportunities for urban Indigenous learners in the Lower Mainland. (Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Training)