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    [-] Hayden

    Indigenous people are subject to the same Criminal Code as everyone else. If Indigenous people are over-represented in the justice system than perhaps that is at least in part due to a greater level of criminality — we know that poverty and alchoholism are more prevalent among Indigenous people.

    [-] Hayden

    If Indigenous people want to self-govern then they should collect their own taxes and pay their own bills. The public should not be supporting the Indigenous welfare state that discourages labour force participation and siphons public money to special interest groups.

    [-] Sarah

    Indigenous peoples have been self-determining since time immemorial and this wording implies the provincial government is awarding First Nations the right of self-determination. This is incorrect and a statement should be made recognizing that these inherent rights never went away. This wording also makes it seem that Indigenous Nations are not currently exercising their right to self-determination which is also incorrect.

    [-] Sarah

    1.7: Include Indigenous language revitalization and reclamation here – a proven social determinant of wellness (Hallett, Chandler & Lalonde, 2007).

    And, um, if you made it illegal for doctors to prescribe opioids, maybe you wouldn't need a Ministry of Addictions!

    [-] Lauren

    Inclusive language is great, but where at all possible please use First Nations and Metis. Many people in the province see Indigenous as being synonymous with First Nations. Precision of language helps normalize recognizing Metis communities as Indigenous rights holders in contemporary Canadian society. It also contributes to over all improvement of our communities' health – when we see ourselves reflected and recognized in institutional frameworks we thrive.

    [-] Brent

    Implementation of Laws overriding federal, and provincial legislation; or bylaws. Implementation of laws on reserve lands, traditional territories or shared territories.

    [-] Dave

    As I read through this I noticed that only first nations have been mentioned why is this . Metis and Inuit live in British Columbia and are Indigenous or is it that this is just another I will say the words but no substance I very much feel this is the most racist thing I have read in a very long time

    [-] Don

    1. There must be power sharing at the political level which would include direct representation of the 198 nations of BC including Metis & First Nations in the BC legislature as MLAs. These MLAs would be chosen by the people of the Nation they represent;
    2. The office of the Lieutenant Governor would be restructured for term certain tenure (5 years?) and the incumbent would rotate between 3 groups in BC – Metis, First Nations, other.
    3. All economic activity that effects the a particular nation would have equal power (veto power) sitting at the decision making table.

    [-] Elizabeth

    BC Metis Federation Indigenous peoples have been denied medical, mental health & wellness services across a full continuum of care services and this should be address the social determinants of health and wellness for our peoples. Many First Nation communities already do have Health Centers and services already for their people. Metis peoples of BC have no available services to them.

    [-] Elizabeth

    I am all for Prioritize the implementation of the Métis Justice Strategy once it is finalized, as the BC Metis Federation peoples have not yet been well represented in this area.

    [-] Elizabeth

    Co-develop an approach to deliver on the BC Tripartite Education Agreement commitment: “The Ministry of Education and First Nations Education Steering Committee co-develop legislation that requires local education agreements (LEAs) with First Nations, where a First Nation wants one, and that require the application of the Provincial LEA at the request of a First Nation.”

    BC Metis Federation peoples should be included in this plan, just as Inuit peoples should be.

    (Ministry of Education)

    [-] Elizabeth

    Most colleges with FN funding is not shared with BC Metis Federation persons in Indigenous-controlled post-secondary institutions in the province through the development of legislation and provision of core funding. Funding has not been shared to Metis persons by holders of funding listed for First Nations people. BC Metis Federation people should be INCLUDED in this.

    (Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Training)

    [-] Elizabeth

    BC Metis Federation peoples, and children should be INCLUDED in education of their people. Currently in the BC Interior in Merritt BC, Metis students have to take Thompson language. They are not offered their/our own language of Mischif.

    [-] Elizabeth

    BC Metis Federation peoples should all be Included in this clause.

    [-] Elizabeth

    BC Metis Federation should be INCLUDED in all of this.

    [-] Elizabeth

    Enhance treaty implementation infrastructure for effective and fully resourced implementation of responsibilities related to treaties or BC Metis Federation self governance across government. This will include a comprehensive approach to educating public servants about treaty rights and obligations.

    [-] Elizabeth

    Co-develop and implement new distinctions-based policy frameworks for resource revenue- sharing and other fiscal mechanisms with All Indigenous peoples of BC, (Including BC Metis Federation peoples, Inuit & FN).

    (Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation)

    [-] Elizabeth

    Co-develop a new distinction-based fiscal relationship with all Indigenous peoples (Including BC Metis Federation peoples) with a new distinctions-based fiscal relationship and framework that supports the operation of Indigenous governments, whether through modern treaties, self- government agreements or advancing the right to self-government through other mechanisms.

    This work will include collaboration with the Government of Canada. (Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation)

    [-] Elizabeth

    All Indigenous persons, including BC Metis Federation persons, First Nations and Inuit persons should be included under this BC policy!

    [-] Elizabeth

    1.3 Utilize sections 6 and 7 of the Declaration Act to complete government-to-government agreements that recognize Indigenous self-government and self-determination by the BC Metis Federation. (Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation)

    [-] Elizabeth

    1.1 Should be In partnership with the Government of Canada, to establish a new institution designed and driven by Metis people to provide supports to Metis in their work of nation – and governance, rebuilding, boundary resolution in accordance with BC Metis laws, customs and traditions. (Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation)

    [-] Elizabeth

    BC Metis Federation nation-rebuilding should be internal to Indigenous nations, to be conducted in accordance with Indigenous legal processes, rights, cultures, traditions and standards, and undertaken as part of expressing, building, strengthening and implementing an Indigenous nation’s freely chosen by their governance systems.

    [-] Elizabeth

    BC Metis Federation Indigenous peoples should be fully supported in their work of freely determining and implementing their systems and of institutions of their own government, through their internal processes of nation-rebuilding.
    BC Metis Federation Indigenous governments need to be recognized & engaged with as governments with formalized and predictable relationships with the Province and exercising their jurisdictions and laws.

    [-] Elizabeth

    Include BC Metis Federation peoples in long-term agreements that recognize and support reconciliation, self-determination, decision-making and economic independence. (Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation) and Health services to include medical & dental, specialty services to BC Metis Federation persons.

    [-] Elizabeth

    BC Metis Federation peoples need to be INCLUDED in this entire part of rebuilding, in our communities across BC.

    [-] Elizabeth

    Indigenous peoples should be permitted to exercise and have full enjoyment of their rights to self-determination and self-government, including developing, maintaining and implementing their own institutions, laws, governing bodies, and political, economic and social structures related to Indigenous communities.

    [-] Elizabeth

    Metis history & education should be taught in schools all across BC.

    [-] Steven

    Since 1973 when the Calder Reasons for Judgment was published the main legal elements that were established were that Title and Rights exist. They can only be infringed is the infringement is justified and clearly articulated. Title and Rights can only be modified or extinguished by the Federal Crown and to the Federal Crown and only if backed up by competent legislation.

    It is clear that Aboriginal Title and Rights exist and have not been taken away so, therefore, they cannot be taken away without First Nation consent. There is a legal framework that must be undertaken by the federal crown before the title and rights can be modified or extinguished. So any lands and resources that are. Outside of reservations are subject to title and rights which are protected by the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

    The new institution must have clear terms of reference which is based on the recognition of First Nation Constitutionally protected title and rights. The terms of reference should have a clear mandate to reconcile the differences of perspective the Crown and her agents currently and mistakenly hold towards First Nations.

    Reconciliation has to be defined by those that it serves and not some non-First Nation bureaucrat. There must be full disclosure with respect to all revenues that the Provincial Crown and federal crown have enjoyed without accommodating First Nations interest.

    There must be full disclosure of the revenues and expenditures of the Indian federal trust money and the interest earned and interest not paid out to First Nations must be reconciled.

    The Constitution must be amended to provide legal objectives which are based on solid constitutional theory and policy with respect to the amending formula and roll out of change.

    All development starts with an Environmental Assessment Process. 99.99966 percent of all corporations sign benefits agreements with First Nations and fail to deliver on positive change. The federal and provincial crowns approve the environmental certificates and appropriate permits without acquiring a written agreement from the proponents with respect to the deliverables. All certificates and permits should be subject to specific deliverables on direct employment, procurement, environmental management, and revenue sharing. The new institution should be mandated to address all substantive issues.

    [-] Tarina

    I really support this initiative. It makes sense to cease the way we have tiny service agreements for specific functions like fire protection (not-inclusive of emergency management) or emergency management (but not inclusive of fire, or ESS.

    [-] Tarina

    Ensure FN and Metis programming options are available within. Increase grant opportunities for people who have suffered the residential school legacies, legacy family disconnection and abandonment, systemic racism and removal of status through the previous clauses in the Indian Act, and murdered and missing indigenous women family members, or systemic judicial injustices. Ensure there are opportunities for indigenous people in land stewardship, language reclamation, and restorative justice. Helps us help ourselves.

    [-] Tarina

    This specifically states First Nations. Where and how does it apply to Metis? Metis are Indigenous – we are NOT First Nations.

    [-] Tarina

    I grew up believing being Metis meant being coast Salish because that was the education focus in BC. Teach about hte history, the legacy, more than the fur trade. Make Metis understanding and culture an accessible part of all education in this Province and when offering my kids “aboriginal” or “indigenous” programming in school ensure they can access Metis cultural programming instead if forcing them to only have access to the local indigenous culture, its language and programming.

    [-] Emily

    This sounds like word fillers to me. Again, I will echo my comment on the last post: What are the ACTION steps to make this happen? Is this going to be like the TRC, where words are spewed but no work is actually done?

    [-] Emily

    I think this sounds great. However, I often wonder what the underlying details are here. Does this include Métis individuals? When you say self-government, is this strictly Indigenous people living on reserve? Are they voted in by their community? Because I certainly cannot see the "Federal Government" or the "Crown" giving away any control or power they have over Indigenous communities.

    [-] Steven

    Self-determination is an organic concept that has been eroded since the time of confederation. In much the same way the Canadian Constitution is contained in several acts and had been mainly unwritten, our traditional style of governance and leadership is passed down from one generation to the next through a complex system that has form, structure, and rules. It will take time and adequate resources to reconstitute our governance and leadership systems. The ISC and Provincial models of addressing First Nations issues have not worked for the crown and certainly has not worked for First Nations.

    Self-determination is based on how our leadership managed our lands and resources to provide food, shelter, clothing, health, and wealth. It is our version of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs.

    In our model, every person had a role, responsibility, and a share of the benefits. That meant that we did not have a welfare state and unemployment insurance.

    We had resource management rules, dispute resolution, share structures, and apprenticeship training systems for every element of management.

    Our trade and commerce model provided the means of ensuring that no one got left behind.

    Since the Indian Act was imposed the deterioration and erosion of our leadership and management systems were beaten out of our People.

    We need to have a real share of all the proceeds and benefits taken from our lands and resources to be able to pay for program and service delivery that meets our needs and not what some white bureaucrat believes is good for us.

    [-] Joe

    It is clear the Province continues to ignore the rightful place of Metis and the BC Metis Federation in this current provincial UNDRIP legislation and Action Plan.

    There is little mention of Metis and it it mostly about First nations..Popular interpretations of Métis identity tend to limit stories to plains Métis andRed River homeland geographies. Today in British Columbia, identity politics prevent people from acknowledging the diversity of Métis communities in the history of the Pacific Northwest.

    [-] Steve

    I feel this is of the utmost importance that FN communities get the support they need to drive reconciliation in a direction they deem fit.

    [-] Carole

    Without a land base these are just words that don't really address the basics

    [-] Donald

    Even in your Questions you Highlight and identify FN -First Nations without consideration to recognize the three Aboriginal / Indigenous Peoples of Canada ……namely First Nations, Inuit and Metis. The METIS in Canada are over 400 k, one third of all Indigenous people.

    [-] Donald

    The Metis often make up the larger community in urban environments / cities in BC. Acknowledging only the "FN Territorial identity" is disrespectful to the 90thousand Self identifying MEtis or which 30 thousand are now registered in the MNBC.

    [-] Donald

    The Government of BC has not recognized the Sect 35 rights of Metis in BC. Our Collective rights are enshrined in the Canadian Charter of 1982.
    this Government and specifically the rights to harvest are being infringed on by Government agencies under the approval and direction of the BC Legislature.

    [-] Donna

    only if there is equal for all indigenous people thought the prov.

    [-] Nicole

    What are the proposed tangible steps for this. Broad sweeping statements are not enough.

    [-] Lloyd

    I'm not in favor of the nations having their own government where there is various laws and rules etc. It is just asking for problems. We have the Canadian laws and all should abide by them.

    [-] Lloyd

    It is extremely important for the provincial and federal bodies to work with the indigenous communities to create a partnership and a team to help manage the enviroment

    [-] Peter

    This is paramount to the appropriate management, harvesting and protection (especially fire protection) of the BC environment(s)

    [-] Peter

    Of equal importance, is the involvement of the Ministry of Education which should mandated to re-write the BC curriculum to reflect the pre- and post-colonial history of the indigenous peoples of BC with deliberate focus on the role of Residential Schools and their abhorrent contribution to much of the anomie currently experienced by indigenous people in BC/ Canada.

    [-] Peter

    The local policing agencies as represented by the Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General should also be affiliated directly with this initiative.

    [-] Peter

    Hopefully, these long-term agreements will not be subject to the electoral vicissitudes and the caprice of political parties. Consideration should be given to establishing the office of an Independent Ombudsman to deal with issues arising from federal and provincial elections that could impact these "long-term" agreements.

    [-] Peter

    All current office holders in the Canadian judiciary should undergo a "certified" and universal (consistent) re-education program alerting them to the distinct aspects of indigenous life. The inherent colonial biases currently manifested in the Canadian justice system have contributed to the anomie experienced by indigenous defendants.

    [-] Peter

    Consideration should be given to co-establish a dispute mechanism such as an Independent Ombudsman to handle disputes involving the policies, practices, procedures and the law pertaining to any agreements signed / or agreed to by the parties.

    [-] Peter

    The Metis Nation of BC (MNBC) should be afforded every opportunity and resource assistance that aid in the development of governance structures and other processes and infrastructure that further the goals that meet the needs of MNBC.

    [-] Jaycee

    Not only overrepresentation in the justice system, but also overrepresentation in the child welfare and foster system!

    [-] Charles

    Assuming this is within the‘Canadian’ context, it is not much of a stretch in Indigenous people are treated similarly to the relationship between Canada and Quebec. Colonialism is fundamentally about abuse of power and control over the people. How can this be a move forward if the only change is to shave off the circular peg to fit into the square hole?

    [-] Charles

    Critical to this idea is the use of the term ‘Indigenous’. My view is that this term is in relationship to the land. She is our mother and is sacred. She is not a resource to be exploited without regard to all the other beings held in her care. Colonialism ideology would have us believe that the earth is in our care… we are more accurately in her care. This is not just about economic growth and development, it is about getting into proper alignment with Gaia and the rest of life. This will put Indigenous peoples at the front lines of defending our shared destiny. It also requires a shift away from addiction to power and immediate gratification toward humility and consideration for 7 generations from now.

    [-] Greg

    And the rest of the province doesn't exist?

    [-] Greg

    Thats great- how bout metis and inuit peoples? Generally they fall outside of "First Nations" jargon.

    [-] Ron

    When will Metis be treated the same as Full Status? Why is the income earned on a reserve by Full status tax exempt yet Metis working right beside full status is not tax exempt? This in my opinion is discrimination, all indigenous people of Canada should be treated equally. The Indian Act should be renamed the Indigenous Peoples Act of Canada and all indigenous people should be treated equally. I understand the Full Status has a treaty giving them this exemption of taxes on income earned on a reserve. But the Metis were also promised 1.4 million acres in Manitoba which both sides signed a treaty and it was never honored. And now Winnipeg sits on the 1.4 million acres promised to the Metis. If you want to discuss reconciliation, how about providing the same benefits in the Indian Act to Metis as well. Give Metis the same tax exemption on income earned on a reserve. Do it now instead of dragging it out for years!

    [-] Greg

    as landless indigenous peoples its important to figure out what relationship we have with the land we settled in.

    [-] Ted

    There needs to be a Senior Government Minister who controls and coordinates services to FN, Métis and Inuit, with a goal to eliminate Indigenous poverty, family disruption and unfairness in the legal system. As well, land should be allocated to Inuit, Métis and off-reserve First Nations in order to establish viable and separate communities where possible. Concentration of government and business should be moved out of the densely populated areas with a goal to stop the densification and ensure a viable economy across BC

    [-] Jessica

    This is intended to mislead and confuse Indigenous peoples.

    "If passed, Bill C-15 will be used by the government of Canada to reinforce the status quo because the Bill makes it clear that existing national laws—many of which violate Indigenous rights—will prevail over UNDRIP;

    The main sections of Bill C-15, particularly section 2, maintain the common law interpretation of section 35(1) and section 35(2) of the Constitution Act, 1982, which is heavily based on the colonial Doctrine of Discovery, which strips Indigenous people of their land ownership and land rights;

    The primacy of the Doctrine of Discovery means Canadian courts will continue to adjudicate using existing case law based on section 35 of the Constitution Act, 1982, and these rulings have caused major harm to the daily life for Indigenous Peoples and Nations including:

    The imposition of Crown sovereignty over Indigenous peoples, including self-government rights;

    Disregarding Indigenous laws and legal traditions;

    Establishing that the Crown has “ultimate title” to land;

    The burden of proof imposed on Indigenous Peoples and Nations to establish their rights in Canadian courts;

    The ability for the Crown to infringe Aboriginal rights based on the “Sparrow test” that allows infringement of Aboriginal rights under all sorts of circumstances;

    The erosion of the duty to consult and accommodate to nothing more than a procedural right that is reviewable based on administrative law principles…
    If Bill C-15 becomes law, all 46 Articles of the UN declaration will be interpreted and implemented through the colonial Canadian constitutional framework, instead of respecting international law regarding the rights of Indigenous Peoples.

    For example, the international Indigenous right of self-determination (UNDRIP-Article 3) will be interpreted and implemented through the federal so-called ‘Inherent Right’ to self-government policy, which is not based on the international right of self-determination."

    This article (some text cited above) encapsulates many of my concerns regarding this Act. Indigenous peoples need TRUE sovereignty, not supposed "sovereignty" within the colonial Canadian government framework. This has acted only to suppress and destroy our peoples and our cultures for centuries. We need a new way.

    https://www.aptnnews.ca/national-news/undrip-bill-c-15-federal-government-soverignty-russ-diabo/?fbclid=IwAR0KXkHy7dq4jTTVcYOvZOrAWlXxof5o5iccZApssjlj_JOQhoQRZXwV4J4

    [-] Curt

    and Metis…

    [-] Curt

    Indigenous is not just First Nations. Metis, Inuit and off-reserve FN must be included.

    [-] Curt

    The use of Treaties should not limit agreements to land-based issues or groups. The Metis must be included.

    [-] Curt

    Indigenous is not just First Nations, and our rights are not limited to land-based rights. This must include the Metis and off-reserve FN and Inuit

    [-] Curt

    This includes Indigenous people integrated into the larger society, not just distinct, identifiable communities (eg. reserve land)

    [-] Jaycee

    The tenets of self-governance and self-determination is very important in supporting Indigenous peoples and their culture, as it allows for the intertwining of culture and traditional laws with modern methods.

    [-] Duane

    Rephrase "all Indigenous peoples including Metis".
    All Metis people of Canada need to be recognized as descendants of Aboriginal peoples. For generations and centuries, descendants of women who married non Indigenous men, have been invisible. Metis and Indigenous people with these mixed heritage must be recognized moreso by the Government of Canada.

    [-] Mike

    We need to ensure there is an immersion of the governments. Not just a BCGovt, MNBC, or any other indigenous govt

    [-] Stephen

    Métis people in BC are NOT able to self govern. We have no basic hunting or fishing rights and the list continues on.

    [-] Crystal

    Remember to consider the many indigenous people living off-reserve. Under which jurisdictions will their needs be met?

    [-] Crystal

    Please keep in mind that with the small size of many of our Nations, it is important to figure out how to measure our results not by the funds per person meted out, but rather by the actual accessibility of various services that is available for each person. There is work to do here.

    [-] Darcie

    I think this is a great goal, but I think there should also be consideration of how Indigenous peoples can exercise and their ability to do so. For example, Indigenous nations have the ability to exercise these items, but do they have the capacity and resources to actually develop them? If an Indigenous nation was to establish an institution to exercise their indigenous laws, how would the province interact with such laws?

    [-] Alexandra

    This declaration is not clear. Will you have a first nations background/understanding requirement for a % of seats? Will already elected First Nations government officials be invited to join?

    [-] Alexandra

    Will this be a part of the Emergency Program Act or will it be a sperate branch? Will they have seasonal offices like other jurisdictions ? Who will fund this? Will they be working with BC Wildfire services as well?

    [-] Alexandra

    How will this be done? How will this be funded? should course on indigenous people be publicly funded and mandatory for year 1 or 2 of post secondary. Will there be a unified course?

    [-] Alexandra

    As a current Public servant, I am extremely disappointed in the training offered or the fact that most of the Indigenous training was done online with slides and was optional.

    [-] Alexandra

    As an employee of the provincial Government, I can say the I was extremely disappointed in the training that was offered about the First Nations people . I Learned a bit because I am interested in hearing about First Nations people. The same cannot be said about my coworkers who flip through the online training once every Five years

    [-] Alexandra

    Does this also include those Nations who have already signed a treaty like the Nisga'a Nation? The fact that the Nisga'a People have a signed treaty but do not have compete right over our resources like Water

    [-] Roland

    As Metis people identified pursuant to the 2016 Daniels v Canada supreme court decision, our first priority is full support of the sovereign rights of indigenous people qualified under the Indian act: We invite the government of BC to act reciprocally and honestly with First Nations on a "nation to nation" bases; that sovereignty be unconditional and free from economic coercion; and that an affordable tax structure on BC freehold land, (in addition to resource extraction revenue sharing), be considered to support First Nation unrestricted nation building or rebuilding of territory, economics and social well being.

    [-] Roland

    We are a virtual, modern indigenous community of allied families, both Metis and non status Indian, who are dispersed throughout North American society (including British Columbia).

    [-] Spencer

    "inclusive" is SUCH weak language. Don't you understand that Indigneous people don't just want a seat at a table where they will always be in the minority?? they want systems that actually account for their values, voices, and authority as the original peoples of this land!!

    [-] Spencer

    MUST be a balance between money going to colonial post secondary systems and funding going to communities to increase their capacity to teach their memebers ON THE LAND and IN COMMUNITY. the necessity of sending people away to university should be phased out. THere needs to be opportunities for students to be "accredited" without having to be isolated from their territories!

    [-] Spencer

    This entire section is unclear about what this means for urban away from home and metis people. it' leaves me to read between the lines and see that i'm NOT represented here. I'm not part of a "first nation", i dont have an official government representing me (i'm not a member of a metis org, because they truly do not represent me)

    [-] Spencer

    There also needs to be systems for urban indigenous people, people isolated or disconnected from their "home territories" to ESTABLISH, BUILD, DEVELOP, governance systems that work for them, without infringing on the rights of the local, land-based nations

    [-] Spencer

    "related to Indigenous communities" really insinuates that this means only within reserve boundaries. My Indigenous community isn't on reserve, it's in the city and we deserve the same rights here.

    [-] tilly

    None of the arangements must conflict with the Charter of Rights and with any Federal legislation. The rights of the Indigenous communities/groups/nations must be no less than the rights of cities and towns in BC.

    [-] Bradley

    Are there provisions for education of mental health professionals to prepare them for the issues faced by Indigenous communities? Ideally training youth to return to their communities with skills to help.

    [-] Bradley

    Does this include running pipelines through unceded territory?

    [-] Bradley

    When you say you plan to interact with First Nations on a "government to government" basis, is that the traditional Indigenous leadership framework, or that defined by the Indian Act?