Most emissions in British Columbia can be grouped into three categories: transportation, the built environment (buildings and waste emissions), and industries. Below is a snapshot of some of the actions B.C. has taken In reducing emissions from industries:
Clean LNG and Industrial Facilities
To meet the commitment to have the cleanest LNG facilities in the world, B.C. has legislated that LNG operations meet a GHG emissions intensity benchmark of 0.16 metric tonnes of CO2e per metric tonne of LNG produced. Facilities not meeting this benchmark directly can achieve compliance through the purchase of offsets or contribution to a technology fund that invests in reducing GHG emissions. The benchmark was established through a comprehensive analysis of LNG facilities around the world. All B.C. industrial emitters with over 10,000 tCO2e emissions per year report their emissions annually.
Cement manufacturing is a high intensity process – and the fuel that B.C.’s cement producers currently use (coal) is highly carbon intensive and subject to B.C.’s carbon tax. The B.C. government has provided its domestic cement industry with incentives up to $27 million over a five year period to encourage the adoption of cleaner fuels and lower emission intensity technologies. Amendments to the B.C. building code have also enabled the utilization of Portland-limestone cement (PLC), which has a lower carbon footprint than traditional cement.
The B.C. Forest Carbon Offset Protocol enables the quantification of emissions reductions from forestry projects. Improved forest management is one of the most substantial options available in B.C. to mitigate climate change, while improving the quality of our forests and providing economic opportunity for forest-dependent communities. The protocol supported the development of B.C.’s carbon offset industry and is creating jobs and unlocking new streams of revenue for the province, First Nations, forest companies and private land owners.
As part of the new Climate Leadership Plan, the B.C. government is creating the Forest Carbon Initiative. This will increase the rate of replanting and fibre recovery to rehabilitate up to 300,000 hectares of B.C.’s forests over the first five years of the program.
In addition, B.C.’s “Wood First Initiative” promotes the use of B.C. wood as a way to help strengthen the province’s forest-dependent communities, and assist in meeting climate change goals through storing carbon in structures built of wood.
The North and Central Mid-Coast, South Central Coast and Haida Gwaii carbon projects follow ecosystem-based management practices that protect extensive areas of the forest that were previously slated for logging. These projects were enabled through the B.C. forest offset protocol and atmospheric benefit sharing agreements developed in collaboration with Aboriginal leaders, industry and other governments. These hallmark forest projects prevent or remove significant GHG emissions. They also support the area’s biodiversity and cultural heritage while creating local economic opportunities.
B.C. has over 200 clean tech companies that generate an estimated $2.5 billion annually, one of the highest ratios in Canada of clean tech companies to GDP. The province’s abundant natural resources, including hydro-electricity and biomass, provide clean, renewable energy and support the province’s transition to a low carbon economy.
Kruger Products Ltd. installed the Canadian pulp and paper industry’s first biomass gasification unit. Developed by Vancouver’s Nexterra System Corp., the unit converts local wood waste into clean burning syngas to provide steam for the mill.
New uses of biomass for energy and other products offer great potential for shifting the economy from dependence on fossil fuels to an economy based on renewable raw materials. Established through a $25 million Provincial grant, the BC Bioenergy Network is an industry-led initiative that supports research and deployment of bioenergy technologies.