Support for Zero Emission Vehicles
Zero emission vehicles (ZEVs) are becoming increasingly common as more drivers discover their benefits. Fuel costs are up to 80 percent lower compared to conventional vehicles and greenhouse gas emissions are reduced substantially.
ZEVs include plug-in hybrids, battery electric and hydrogen fuel cells electric vehicles. As these clean technologies improve, ZEVs are becoming more reliable and affordable. To increase the number of ZEVs on the road and related jobs in the ZEV sector, B.C. is focusing on several areas:
- vehicle purchase price and consumer awareness
- charging and refuelling stations
- training and technological advancement
- market capacity (vehicle supply) to meet demand.
To help address the first three issues, B.C. introduced the Clean Energy Vehicle (CEV) Program, which offers incentives to offset the costs of zero emission vehicles. It supports the expansion of charging and refueling infrastructure, as well as education, training and jobs.
The Province is proposing to continue investments in the program until ZEVs make up 5% of all new light-duty vehicle sales, including SUVs, light trucks and passenger vehicles under 4500 kg. Once the 5% target is reached, incentives would be phased out. The price gap between ZEVs and gasoline vehicles is anticipated to close in the mid-2020s.
The Province is also considering a mandate which would require automakers to supply ZEVs for the light duty vehicle market, increasing consumer choices for clean transportation. This has been done in Quebec, California and in 10 US states where they have established a performance-based mandate for automakers to supply an increasing percentage of ZEVs for the light duty vehicle market.
With 10,000 CEVs already on the road, the province will continue to support charging and refuelling infrastructure to enable safe and convenient travel around B.C. There are currently over 1,300 residential and public charging stations, including 64 DC fast charging stations.
We can also look to other jurisdictions for best practices. In Norway, more than half of new vehicles sales (52% in 2017) are electric or hybrids, thanks to an innovative combination of generous tax reductions and other incentives. Seven countries have also announced either a future ban of the sale of new gasoline and diesel cars, or targeted 100% of vehicle sales to be clean energy vehicles: Ireland, Netherlands, Germany and India by 2030; Scotland by 2032; France and UK by 2040.
- How can B.C. encourage the use of clean vehicles? What are some of the challenges and how could they be addressed?