Take the questionnaire before February 28, 2018 and help shape the referendum on how B.C. votes.

 

Your input will help shape the future of our democracy


The B.C. Government has introduced legislation to hold a referendum in the fall of 2018, which will ask British Columbians to decide whether B.C. should keep its current voting system (First Past the Post) or move to a system of Proportional Representation. Countries around the world use different voting systems to elect their representatives. How a voting system is designed influences how a society is governed.

You can participate by completing the online questionnaire, reading submissions from organizations, and learning about voting systems used here and elsewhere in the world.

Your input will help shape key elements of the referendum, including ballot design, choice of voting systems included, and public funding distribution during the referendum campaign period.

The engagement closes Feb. 28, 2018, after which results will inform a report by the Attorney General, which will be posted publicly before being presented to Cabinet.

Participate today and help shape the referendum on how B.C. votes.

The Building Blocks of Voting Systems


This introduction will help you learn the basics of voting systems, and how your vote translates into how you are represented in B.C.’s Legislative Assembly. Once you’re done here, learn more about each of the voting systems described on this site and let us know what you think.

Voting Systems


First Past the Post (FPTP) or Single Member Plurality (SMP)


The current voting system in British Columbia. A voting system in which the candidate who gets the most votes in an electoral district (even if it is not the majority of the votes) wins and represents that district in the legislature as its Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA).

List Proportional Representation (List PR)


A voting system in which multiple MLAs are elected in large electoral districts (regional or provincewide) and the proportion of total votes received by each political party determines the share of seats it receives in the Legislative Assembly.

Mixed Member Proportional (MMP)


A voting system in which voters have one vote for their electoral district representative, and a separate vote for their preferred political party. A party’s overall share of seats in the Legislative Assembly is determined by its share of the vote for political parties.

Single Transferable Vote (STV)


A voting system in which multiple MLAs are elected in each electoral district and voters rank the candidates according to their preferences (1, 2, 3, etc.). Candidates must reach a vote threshold to be elected, and their votes may be transferred to their subsequent preferences (2nd, 3rd, etc.) in order to elect the candidates in that district.

Mixed Member Majoritarian (MMM)


A voting system very similar to Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) where voters have one vote for their electoral district representative, and a separate vote for the preferred political party. In Mixed Member Majoritarian, unlike MMP, the seats allocated for the political party do not compensate for the results of the electoral district vote – instead, those party seats are allocated proportionally only amongst themselves.