Te’mexw Treaty Negotiations

Te’mexw Treaty Negotiations

The Te’mexw Treaty Association (TTA) is negotiating modern treaties on behalf of its five member Nations:

  • Malahat
  • Beecher Bay (SC’IA⁄NEW)
  • Songhees
  • Snaw-Naw-As (Nanoose)
  • T’Sou-ke

Te’mexw Treaty Nations, Canada and British Columbia have been in negotiations since 1995. Treaties are part of Canada and British Columbia’s work to advance reconciliation guided by the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP), the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Calls to Action and the Recognition and Reconciliation of Rights Policy for treaty negotiations in British Columbia. Although the five First Nations are negotiating together, the negotiations will result in five separate treaties.

The Te’mexw Treaty negotiations are now in the final stage, Stage 5, of the BC Treaty Commission Treaty Process. Read about the treaty process and different stages here.

Each Te’mexw Member Nation Treaty will

  • Recognize the pre-existing rights of each Nation and set out the Nation, Canada and B.C.’s agreement about how those rights will be exercised
  • Recognize and establish self-government and law making for each Nation
  • Return lands to the five Nations to govern and manage
  • Address important matters of language, culture and heritage
  • Provide the basis for a revitalized relationship between the Nations and all levels of government

This also means that the five First Nations will have ownership and jurisdiction over their treaty settlement lands and can determine how best to use them.

Each of the five Nations will have the right to self-govern and make laws concerning their lands and citizens. For example, they may choose to make laws about health services, education and child and family services for their members.

The treaties will encourage investment, create jobs, expand economic development and support social well-being for Beecher Bay (SC’IA⁄NEW) , Malahat, Snaw-Naw-As (Nanoose), Songhees, and T’Sou-ke First Nations’ communities.

Local government, interest holders, and public engagement

Engagement with local governments and interest holders and groups has been ongoing and will continue through this final stage of negotiations. Engagement helps to build awareness of the Te’mexw Member Nations’ Treaties as a step towards reconciliation and supports long-term good neighbour relations. The treaty partners seek to better understand public hopes and concerns and, in turn, help the public gain greater understanding about the treaty.

A new round of engagement launched in January 2023. It includes presentations to local governments and in-person and virtual open house opportunities for the public to learn about final stage of the TTA treaty negotiations as a step towards reconciliation.

Open house dates

Negotiations between TTA, B.C. and Canada are coming to a close. Join TTA, B.C. and Canada at an open house to find out more and share input on the five proposed treaties.

In-person Open Houses (drop-in, no formal presentation)

  • Saturday, Feb. 25, 11 a.m. – 2 p.m., Songhees Wellness Centre, Victoria
  • Thursday, Mar. 2, 4:30 p.m. – 7 p.m., Edward Milne Community School, Sooke
  • Saturday, Mar. 4, 11 a.m. – 3 p.m., Royal Roads University, Colwood
  • Monday, Mar. 6, 4:30 p.m. – 7 p.m., Nanoose Bay Main Hall, Nanoose Bay
  • Tuesday, Mar. 7, 4:30 p.m. – 7 p.m., George Jay Elementary School, Victoria
  • Saturday, Mar. 11, 11 a.m. – 2 p.m., Shawnigan Lake Community Hall, Shawnigan Lake
  • Wednesday, Mar. 15, 4:30 p.m. – 7 p.m., Metchosin Community Hall, Metchosin

Virtual Open Houses Presentations (pre-registration required)

  • Wednesday, Apr. 5, 2:30 p.m. – 4 p.m.
  • Thursday, Apr. 13, 6 p.m. – 7:30 p.m.

Register for the virtual events by emailing Temexw.Treaty@gov.bc.ca.

About modern treaties

Modern treaties will create and clarify a new and equal relationship between the First Nations, Canada and B.C. based on mutual trust, respect and understanding. They will be protected under the Canadian Constitution and include a range of rights and obligations that all levels of government, including Treaty Nations, recognize and commit to. Treaties outline responsibilities and jurisdiction over treaty lands, including access, governance, financial benefits, taxation and environmental management including wildlife.

About negotiations

An Agreement in Principle (Stage 4) was signed in 2015, which identifies interests in lands and resources and includes a framework for self-government, financial arrangements and more. It forms the basis for the treaties. Read the Agreement in Principle (AIP) here.

Once negotiations are concluded, members of each First Nation will have an opportunity to vote on their treaty. The treaty also must be approved by B.C. and Canada before it comes into effect.

Find out more about the Te’mexw Treaty Nations:

Additional links:

Contact us: Temexw.Treaty@gov.bc.ca

Details of the Engagement

Category: Government

Status: Open

Location: Province-wide

Type: Online